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Heart Coherence Explained: The New Breathing Technique to Calm Anxiety

by BetterSleep
May 10 2021 • 1 min read
Last Updated on Nov 3 2022

Controlling the rhythm of your heartbeat sounds like something only meditation gurus can master after years of training. In reality, it’s easier than you may think. We’ve all been there. You’re feeling anxious and stressed, so you take a few deep breaths to calm yourself down. It usually works, but you may not know why. The answer is that deep breathing actually helps your heart achieve a state of coherence. Heart coherence, also known as cardiac coherence, is a method of slow, controlled breathing that synchronizes with your heartbeat cycles.

When you’re stressed, you might find yourself holding your breath and clenching your muscles. This subconscious tension makes your heart rate go up. With the help of controlled breathing techniques like that of heart coherence, you can control the speed of your heartbeat, slowing it down and reducing stress in the process.

What Is Heart Coherence and How Does It Work

Heart coherence is a state in which the heart, mind, and emotions are synchronized and balanced. This state is associated with feelings of well-being, relaxation, and improved cognitive function.

To fully comprehend heart and brain coherence, it is vital to first understand the autonomic nervous system. Physiologically, heart-brain coherence is characterized by an increased ratio of the heart’s rhythm variability in the higher frequency band (associated with parasympathetic nervous system activation) compared to the lower frequency band (associated with sympathetic nervous system activation).

Research has shown that techniques such as mindfulness meditation and deep breathing can increase heart coherence. The practice of these techniques activates the parasympathetic nervous system and promotes calmness in both the mind and body.

Heart coherence has been linked to numerous health benefits, including reduced stress and improved cardiovascular function. It may also enhance performance in areas such as sports, academic achievement, and leadership.

The Role of the Heart in Your Overall Health

The heart plays a central role in heart coherence practices as it is the physical organ responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. In addition, research has shown that the heart also has its own nervous system, called the cardiac nervous system, which is influenced by our thoughts and emotions. A healthy heart functions efficiently and effectively, allowing the rest of the body to function properly.

On the other hand, heart disease or cardiac problems can have severe consequences on overall health. Not only does it decrease the efficiency of blood flow, but it can also lead to blockages in the arteries, increasing the risk of stroke and heart attack. These issues can significantly impact the quality of life and even lead to death.

There are several factors that contribute to heart health, including diet, exercise, genetic predisposition, and stress management. Eating a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat can help maintain healthy cholesterol levels. Regular physical activity helps keep the heart strong and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Managing stress levels can also play a role in reducing potential damage to the heart.

It is important to prioritize maintaining a healthy lifestyle in order to preserve the function of our hearts and optimize overall health. This includes following a nutritious diet, staying physically active, managing stress, and seeking regular medical check-ups as needed. By taking care of our hearts, we can improve not only our cardiovascular health but also our overall well-being.

The Benefits of Heart Coherence

Increased Physical and Emotional Well-being

One of the benefits of heart coherence is increased physical and emotional well-being. When the heart is in a coherent state, it is able to function at its optimal level, leading to improved cardiovascular health and overall physical well-being.

Additionally, studies have shown that individuals with a coherent heart also experience lower levels of stress and anxiety, resulting in improved emotional well-being. Practicing techniques to achieve heart coherence can boost cognitive and emotional function leading to a happier and healthier lifestyle.

Improved Stress Management

When our heart is in a state of coherence, it activates the body’s relaxation response and decreases activity in the nervous system responsible for the fight or flight response. This allows us to respond to stressful situations with more clarity and calmness.

Research has also shown that heart coherence can reduce cortisol levels, a hormone released in response to stress, and increase feelings of well-being and positive emotions. In addition to reducing stress, heart coherence can also improve neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and serotonin, preventing anxiety and depression.

Benefits are seen in hormone levels as the heart controls hormones such as DHEA, adrenaline, auriculin, oxytocin, and cortisol. Overall, practicing heart coherence can help us better regulate our stress levels and manage difficult situations with grace and ease.

Improved Mental Clarity

Another benefit of heart coherence is improved mental clarity. When the heart is in a state of coherence, it sends signals to the brain that promote a calm and focused state. This allows for clearer thinking, better decision-making, and increased creativity.

Additionally, research has shown that individuals in a state of heart coherence have improved memory and information-processing abilities. This improved mental clarity can lead to increased productivity and overall well-being.

Increased Energy Levels

The heart, as the body’s primary organ for pumping blood and oxygen to the rest of the body, plays a crucial role in maintaining energy levels. When the heart is in a coherent state, it is able to pump blood more efficiently and effectively, resulting in improved circulation and increased oxygen flow throughout the body.

This can lead to increased physical stamina and mental clarity, providing a boost in overall energy levels. Additionally, heart coherence can also lead to reduced stress and improved emotional well-being, both of which can contribute to higher energy levels.

Better Sleep Quality

When the heart is in a state of coherence, it sends signals to the brain that induce calmness and relaxation. This can lead to improved sleep patterns and increased restorative rest.

In addition, heart coherence can help regulate stress levels, which can also contribute to better sleep. Overall, incorporating heart coherence into daily life can lead to improved sleep quality and overall well-being.

Improved Cardiovascular Health

Improved cardiovascular health is one of the main benefits of heart coherence. When the heart is in a coherent state, it pumps blood more efficiently and effectively throughout the body. This can lead to improved blood flow, lower blood pressure, and a stronger cardiovascular system overall.

Additionally, heart coherence has been shown to reduce stress and improve emotional well-being, both of which have a positive impact on cardiovascular health.

Increased Lifespan

Another benefit of heart coherence is an increased lifespan. Studies have shown that individuals with a regular heart coherence practice have lower levels of stress hormones and inflammation, both of which can lead to a myriad of chronic health issues and decrease longevity. Additionally, individuals who practice heart coherence often have improved cardiovascular health, which is crucial for overall lifespan.

Heart coherence has also been shown to improve mood and increase feelings of well-being, both of which have been linked to increased lifespan as well. Overall, regularly practicing heart coherence can lead to numerous physical and mental health benefits that can ultimately result in a longer and healthier life.

Inner Tranquility

One of the major benefits of heart coherence is deep inner tranquility. This peace is not just a temporary feeling but a deep sense of calm and contentment within oneself.

When the heart is in a state of coherence, it sends signals to the brain that promote feelings of calm and relaxation. This allows for better stress management and emotional regulation. Positive emotions like gratitude and compassion are linked to a coherent heart rhythm pattern, whereas negative emotions are linked to a heart rhythm that is more incoherent. This suggests that while unpleasant emotions may be physically exhausting, positive emotions may have a physiologically rejuvenating impact.

In positive emotional states, the heart sends signals to the brain that help with cognitive performance and promote happy emotions. This suggests that developing enhanced heart rhythm coherence through the maintenance of positive emotions has a tremendous impact on our physical and mental health.

In addition, research has shown that heart coherence can also increase one’s ability to empathize and connect with others, leading to improved relationships and a deeper sense of connectedness with the world.

All of these factors contribute to a sense of inner peace and overall well-being.

Unity with Oneself and with the World

When the heart is in a state of coherence, it means that all systems within the body are functioning optimally and in harmony with one another. This translates to a sense of balance and alignment within oneself, leading to increased self-awareness and self-acceptance.

In addition, this inner unity allows for a deeper connection and understanding of others and the world around us. We are able to approach situations with a clear and open mind, allowing for more effective communication and collaboration. As mentioned above, we also become more attuned to the needs and feelings of those around us, fostering compassion and empathy.

Overall, heart coherence brings about a sense of unity within oneself and with others, leading to improved relationships, better decision-making, and an overall feeling of contentment and fulfillment in life.

Enhanced Resilience

When we are in a state of heart coherence, our nervous system is balanced and better able to handle stressors. This allows us to bounce back more quickly from difficult situations and maintain emotional stability during challenging times.

Now, when challenging circumstances try to make us feel as though we are losing our breath, we know how to respond. We experience everything we possibly can, take a deep breath, and carry on.

Applications of Heart Coherence

Some practical applications of heart coherence include improving sports performance, aiding in recovery from illness or injury, enhancing overall well-being and emotional resilience, and promoting healthy relationships.

In athletes, heart coherence has been shown to increase stamina and physical endurance while also improving focus and decision-making skills. In the medical field, heart coherence can aid in recovery from traumatic events or surgery by reducing inflammation and speeding up healing processes.

Additionally, individuals who regularly practice heart coherence report improved mood and greater ability to cope with stressors in daily life. Finally, research suggests that practicing heart coherence can improve communication and overall satisfaction within romantic partnerships.

BetterSleep is delighted to offer our listeners access to a special guided heart coherence practice. To get the most out of this practice, simply remember 365.

  • 3: Try to practice heart coherence 3 times a day
  • 6: During the practice, take 6 breaths per minute. Inhale for 5 seconds, then exhale for 5 seconds.
  • 5: Each heart coherence breathing session should be 5 minutes long.

While the beneficial effects of this breathing practice can start after just three minutes of practice and last for four to six hours, consistent practice will provide even more benefits. Think of it like going to the gym: after one workout session you’ll feel great, but if you make a habit of working out regularly you’ll see overall improvements to your well-being.

How to Achieve Heart Coherence

There are several ways to achieve heart coherence, including deep breathing exercises, positive thinking and visualization techniques, and mindfulness practices.

Deep Breathing Exercises

Deep breathing exercises involve inhaling deeply through the nose and exhaling slowly through the mouth, focusing on the sensation of the breath and allowing any tension or stress to release with each exhale. When we take slow, deep breaths, it activates the vagus nerve, which is responsible for regulating the heart rate. This can lead to a decrease in heart rate variability and an increase in heart coherence.

Deep breathing exercises can be done anytime and anywhere, making them a convenient and accessible technique for achieving heart coherence. To practice deep breathing, find a comfortable seated position and place one hand on your belly and one on your chest.

Take a slow inhalation through the nose, allowing the hand on your belly to rise while the hand on your chest stays relatively still. Exhale slowly through pursed lips, feeling the hand on your belly lower as you fully release the breath. Repeat this pattern for several minutes, focusing on lengthening both the inhalation and exhalation.

Another example of deep breathing exercises is alternate nostril breathing. This deep breathing technique involves inhaling and exhaling through one nostril at a time, alternating sides as you breathe. This technique has been shown to increase heart rate variability, indicating an increase in heart coherence.

To practice this technique, begin by finding a comfortable seated position with a straight spine. Using your right hand, place your index and middle fingers between your eyebrows, and use your thumb to close off your right nostril.

Inhale deeply through your left nostril, then close off the left nostril with your ring finger as you exhale through the right nostril. Inhale through the right nostril, then switch sides and exhale through the left nostril. Continue alternating sides for several minutes.

It is also important to focus on the breath itself during this exercise – noticing its depth and flow without attempting to control or manipulate it. As you become more familiar with the technique, you can gradually increase the length of each inhalation and exhalation.

In addition to activating the vagus nerve and promoting heart coherence, deep breathing exercises have also been shown to reduce stress and improve overall well-being. Incorporating regular deep breathing into your daily routine can be a simple yet powerful tool for improving physical and emotional health.

Positive Thinking and Visualization Techniques

Positive thinking and visualization techniques involve actively shifting negative thoughts or emotions into more positive ones, as well as visualizing oneself in a state of calm and relaxation. It is important to focus on positive thoughts and envision a positive outcome in all situations. This can help to reduce stress and anxiety, as well as improve overall physical and emotional well-being.

Visualization techniques involve imagining a desired outcome or scenario in detail, using all of the senses. This can be used for various goals, such as improving performance in sports or enhancing creativity.

Positive affirmations are another tool that can be used to shift perspective and reframe negative thoughts. Repeating phrases or statements that promote positivity can increase self-confidence and overall optimism.

Practicing these techniques regularly can lead to a more balanced state of mind, which in turn can have a positive impact on heart coherence.

Mindfulness Practices

Mindfulness practices involve being fully present at the moment, and non-judgmentally observing one’s thoughts and emotions without attachment or reaction.

Mindfulness practices, such as meditation and deep breathing, have been shown to improve heart coherence by reducing stress and increasing self-awareness. Through these practices, individuals can become more attuned to their emotions and physical state, allowing them to better regulate their responses to stressors.

Research suggests that mindfulness can also positively impact cardiovascular health by improving blood pressure, heart rate variability, and endothelial function (the function of the inner lining of blood vessels).

In addition to improving heart coherence, mindfulness practices can also lead to a variety of other benefits including increased focus and concentration, improved sleep quality, better relationships with others, and improved overall well-being.

To achieve heart coherence through mindfulness practices, finding a method that works for you and making it a regular part of your daily routine is important. This could involve formal meditation or simply taking regular pauses throughout the day to bring awareness to your breath and bodily sensations.

It may also be helpful to engage in mindful movements such as yoga or tai chi, as well as spend time in nature or listen to calming music. This can be beneficial in finding the balance between mind and body.

It is important to note that while heart coherence practices can have benefits for overall well-being and heart health, they should not replace necessary medical care or treatment for any existing heart conditions. Consulting with a doctor before beginning any new health practices is recommended.

Practical Tips for Incorporating Heart Coherence Techniques into Daily Life

Practice Heart Coherence Techniques for a Few Minutes Each Day

Incorporating heart coherence techniques into daily life can have a positive impact on overall well-being. It is important to start small and gradually increase the length and frequency of the practice.

One way to do this is to set aside a few minutes each day to focus on your breathing and bring attention to the heart area. This can be done sitting or lying down in a comfortable position. Begin by taking several deep breaths, then shift your focus to the heart region and breathe deeply into that area. Notice any sensations or emotions that may arise without judgment or attachment. Simply observe and continue focusing on deep, intentional breaths in the heart area for a few minutes.

As you become more comfortable with this practice, you can gradually increase the duration and frequency of it throughout the day. It may also be helpful to incorporate other techniques such as positive affirmations or visualizations while focusing on the heart region.

Remember to approach this practice with patience and self-compassion, as it may take time for it to become a regular part of your daily routine.

Bring Awareness to the Physical Sensations in Your Body When Feeling Stressed or Anxious in Your Daily Life

Incorporating heart coherence techniques into daily life can be as simple as taking a moment to pause and bring awareness to the physical sensations in your body when feeling stressed or anxious. This awareness can help regulate the nervous system and bring about a sense of calm.

First, find a comfortable seated position and close your eyes if it feels appropriate. Take a few deep breaths and focus your attention on the sensation of your breath moving in and out of the body.

Next, bring awareness to any areas of tension or discomfort in the physical body, allowing yourself to soften and release any tightness or holding.

Finally, bring your attention to the area of the heart, visualizing it radiating warmth and openness. Imagine breathing in feelings of ease and exhaling any stress or anxiety. Continue to focus on the sensations in the heart center for a few minutes before slowly opening your eyes and returning to your day with a sense of calm and clarity.

Focus on Breathing Deeply and Intentionally Sending Love and Gratitude to Your Heart Center

This can be done by finding a comfortable seated or lying position, closing the eyes, and placing one hand over the heart center. Inhale deeply through the nose, filling up the lungs and expanding the belly, then exhale fully through the mouth.

With each inhale, imagine bringing in loving, supportive energy, and with each exhale, imagine sending love and gratitude to the heart center. Continue this deep breathing for several minutes, focusing on the sensation of love and gratitude in the heart center. Do this until you notice a physical and emotional shift toward relaxation and calmness.

It may be helpful to also visualize a bright or calming color associated with the heart, such as green or pink.

It is important to practice this technique consistently in order for it to become a habit and truly benefit from its effects on overall well-being.

Incorporate Heart Coherence Practices into Your Daily Routine

One practical tip for incorporating heart coherence techniques into your daily life is to set aside dedicated time each day for practice. This could be first thing in the morning, during a lunch break, or before bed. During this time, focus on deep breathing and bringing attention to the physical sensation of the heartbeat.

When feeling stressed or overwhelmed, take a few moments to pause and bring awareness to the breath and heartbeat. Or, during moments of decision-making or problem-solving, take a moment to bring attention to the heart before proceeding.

It can also be helpful to remind oneself of the benefits of heart coherence techniques, such as improved well-being and performance, as motivation for incorporating them into daily life. Finding a support system, whether it be through joining a group class or having accountability partners, can also aid in making heart coherence techniques a regular part of daily life.

How to Keep Your Heart Coherence Practice Fresh and Interesting

Vary Your Practice Routine By Trying Out Different Techniques or Adding New Elements to Your Existing Routine

One way to keep your heart coherence practice fresh and interesting is to experiment with different techniques. For example, try incorporating visualization or positive affirmations into your practice instead of always using deep breathing as your go-to technique. You could also try experimenting with different hand placements on the heart center.

Another option is to add new elements to your existing routine, such as trying a new guided meditation or incorporating movement (such as walking or gentle stretches) into your practice. These small changes can help keep things feeling fresh and prevent boredom from setting in.

It’s also important to remember that there is no one right way to do heart coherence practices and what works for one person may not necessarily work for another. Experimentation and being open to trying new things can help you find the best fit for you and keep your practice feeling invigorating and enjoyable.

Mix Up Your Location

Another way to keep your heart coherence practice fresh and interesting is to mix up the location where you practice. Instead of always practicing in the same room or at the same time of day, try practicing in different environments such as outside in nature, at the gym, or even during a work break.

This can help keep your practice feeling new and exciting, and can also enhance the benefits by providing different sensory stimuli. Additionally, practicing in different locations can make it easier to fit your practice into your daily routine and can prevent it from becoming a mundane task.

So the next time you feel like your heart coherence practice is becoming stale, try changing up where you do it!

Find a Partner or Group to Practice With and Take Turns Leading the Practice or Sharing Feedback With Each Other

Finding a partner or group to practice with can provide great support as well as accountability for consistent practice. Taking turns leading the practice or sharing feedback with each other can also add variety and new perspectives to your practice.

It is helpful to have someone else lead the practice occasionally so that you can fully focus on the experience without having to worry about guiding it while sharing feedback allows for growth and improvement in both yourself and your partner or group.

In addition, finding new and creative ways to incorporate heart coherence into daily life, such as during activities like walking or doing household chores, can also keep the practice fresh and interesting.

Incorporate Music into Your Practice

Incorporating music into your sessions is a great way to keep your heart coherence practice fresh and exciting. Choose uplifting or calming songs that support your intention for the session. This can help set the tone and create a more immersive experience.

During your practice, you can listen to the music as background noise or use it as a guide for certain activities, such as deep breathing or visualizations. The lyrics can also serve as affirmations to further enhance the positive effects of the practice.

In addition, mixing up your playlist every so often can provide new inspiration and keep things exciting. So don’t be afraid to experiment and have fun incorporating music into your heart coherence practice!

Set Specific Intentions For Each Practice Session

Take a few moments before starting to think about what you want to focus on or achieve during the session. This could be something specific, such as reducing stress or increasing self-love, or it could be a more general intention, like deepening your connection with your heart.

Regularly check in with yourself during the practice to see if your intention is being met. If not, make adjustments as needed - perhaps try a different technique or adjust the length of time you spend practicing. This can help keep the practice feeling focused and purposeful rather than becoming stale or routine. It can also support progress towards specific goals and a greater sense of fulfillment from the practice overall.

Reflect on Your Progress and Experiences

Taking some time to reflect on your progress and experiences with heart coherence can help determine any areas you may want to focus on more deeply in future practices. This could involve experimenting with different types of breathing exercises or heart-focused meditations, setting specific intentions for your practice, incorporating movement or physical activity into your routine, or finding a new location or environment in which to practice.

In addition, exploring new resources such as books, podcasts, workshops, or classes can provide fresh insight and inspiration to keep your heart coherence practice interesting and engaging.

Ultimately, the key is to remain open to trying new techniques and approaches while staying committed to consistently incorporating heart coherence into your daily life.

Heart-Coherent Foods to Eat for Better Health

A heart-coherent diet includes foods that are rich in fiber, healthy fats, and antioxidants. These include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, lean protein sources such as fish and poultry, and plant-based oils such as olive oil.

Fiber helps lower cholesterol and control blood sugar levels. Healthy fats found in foods like avocados, fatty fish, and nuts can improve cholesterol levels and decrease inflammation. Antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables can protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.

In addition to a heart-coherent diet, it is important to limit or avoid processed foods high in added sugars and unhealthy fats, as well as excessive alcohol consumption. Regular physical activity is also essential for maintaining a healthy heart.


The heart plays a crucial role in heart coherence practices and overall well-being. When we focus on the rhythm of our heart, we are able to bring balance and harmony to our physical, emotional, and mental states. Research has shown that increasing heart coherence can enhance physiological functioning, improve mood, and increase cognitive abilities.

By cultivating a positive relationship with our heart through practices such as deep breathing and positive affirmations, we can tap into its innate intelligence and wisdom. The heart is not just a mere pump for blood; it is an energetic force that connects us to ourselves and the world around us.

Incorporating heart coherence practices into our daily lives can have profound effects on our health and happiness. So take some time to tune into your heart’s rhythm and nourish its power in your life. Your whole being will thank you for it.

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